{{'' | i18n}} {{' Feed' | i18n}}
{{'' | i18n}} {{' Feed' | i18n}}
Common Specialities
{{}}
Common Issues
{{}}
Common Treatments
{{}}


South africa gun laws

Benefits of Millet And Its Side Effects

Don't say you were Apr 09, 2020 · South Africa has taken a step in this direction, appointing a respected former judge, Kate O'Reagan, to oversee the use of data, and to recommend any changes required to the emergency regulations. Find air rifles or pellet guns ads in the South Africa Sports & Leisure section | Search Gumtree free online classified ads for air rifles or pellet guns and more in South Africa Sports & Leisure Our COVID-19 Community Guidelines Tips, advice and news related to trading on Gumtree during the COVID-19 crisis. During the period between 1975 and 1982, reported crimes remained at a constant level (around 4,400 per 100,000 people). S. Inspection, search and seizure for inquiry or investigation (with special warrant) 116 Jun 12, 2020 · What is Gun Own­ers South Africa’s (GOSA) role and pur­pose? GOSA is a South African firearms rights or­gan­i­sa­tion that does not dis­crim­i­nate on the ba­sis of race, gen­der, sex­ual ori­en­ta­tion, po­lit­i­cal af­fil­i­a­tion, so­cio-eco­nomic cir­cum­stances, re­li­gion, age or any other iden­ti­fi­able As every travelling hunter would like to travel and hunt with his/her own firearms, we will gladly assist you to make this dream come true! We are a company who works hand-in-hand with the South African Police Services (SAPS) to provide "import/export" or "in-transit" permits for your rifle(s) before you arrive in South Africa. 8 murders per 100,000 people. South Africa Travel Tips Rules, Regulations, Forms and Tips for Traveling to South Africa. At the start of the 1880s, big cities in the South were not wholly beholden to Jim Crow laws and Black Americans found more freedom in them. 5 million Zimbabweans in South Africa who are drawn by the allure of a job and the promise of a government that protects rights. The United States has the 28th-highest rate of deaths from gun violence in the world: 4. not only pertaining to ownership but also hunting. McCord ed. Suitland, MD: US Census Bureau Population Division, 23 May. Gun owners are In South Carolina, and began fighting not for sport shooting but for an end to gun control laws altogether. ’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base. South Africans consistently rank crime among their top concerns, second only to unemployment. Hlupha was eight when he got his first gun and his neighbour taught him to commit crime. Gangs of crime syndicates carry out these crimes with ILLEGAL firearms. World South Africa Apartheid White farmers Cyril Ramaphosa The South African government has begun the process of seizing land from owners in cases where the negotiation for compensation has stalled. South Africans with illegal firearms or those whose licences have a really comprehensive process of control from the point of surrender to the  14 Feb 2013 The death of Reeva Steenkamp - girlfriend of Paralympian Oscar Pistorius - may have shocked South Africa, but with the fear of gun violence  26 Feb 2013 Gun Shop Sign Cape Town South Africa RSA When strict-sounding regulations limiting guns are voted into law everybody feels good about it  9 Mar 2011 Stricter gun laws were passed in South Africa in 2004 to combat the increase in illegal firearms. Though not a constitutional right, personal firearm ownership is permitted in Chile for any resident over the age of 18. In fact, South Africa’s gun laws have been criticised for being way too strict, restricting Prepared by Hanibal Goitom Foreign Law Specialist February 2013 . News24 reported that the gun was being held by a police officer in Umzimkhulu Regional Court when it slipped from his hands and hit the floor. A number of people I talked to Aug 08, 1999 · South Africa is now considering broad new anti-gun legislation that would make all gun owners apply for new licenses, prove their need to be armed and take a mental health test. 8 guns for every 100 people), while South Africa ranks 50th, with a rate of 12. July 12, My understanding is that there are no “Antique” firearms in South Africa- a gun is a gun, a brand new CZ or three South Africa has among the highest rates of shooting deaths in the world. Feb 26, 2013 · The Oscar Pistorius case has gripped the world. You need a licence for every firearm that you possess. One detail that was left out of this video was the law regarding silencers which are not  12 Jul 2018 http://www. The governments of Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom and New Zealand provided advice on the draft law, as did Wendy Cukier, head of Canada’s gun prohibition lobby. A Stun Gun By Any Other Name. In order for Japanese citizens to purchase a gun, they must attend an all-day class, pass a written exam, and complete a shooting range test scoring at 55,910,000; 64 per cent of people live in urban areas and 34 per cent in urban agglomerations of more than one million people; growth 1. Attachment, Size. Aug 05, 2019 · Editor's note: This is an updated version of a story that was published on Nov. The country passed legislation in the year 2000 to curb gun ownership, The Firearms Control Act, and has since seen a Jun 24, 2018 · In this video, Matt from AirArmHuntingSA joins us to discuss gun laws in SOuth Africa. BSC / CTN is not required. This in itself opens a whole debate on whether a rifle that is stamped as 5. Two were white, and they came here from South Africa, complete with the very British accent. 2. Certain professionals (as specified by the law, including social, mental well-being and health care workers) must report any reasonable belief that a sexual offence has been committed to the SAPS. Our litigation seeks to enforce the rule of law to the benefit of all South African society. 3. South Dakota: the toughest and loosest gun laws . The penalties range from a minimum of three months to a maximum of life in prison. law, this is completely  27 Nov 2019 The latest firearms amnesty will run from December 1 to the end of May 2020. Jul 12, 2018 · Basic gun ownership in South Africa - what does it involve and how does it work? Dedicated collectors, sportsmen, and hunters? Self-dense and concealed carry? Well, when I was in South Africa I figured I'd get the scoop from a local Firearm Reviews. Dec 23, 1997 · South Africa, a country rife with crime, is in the midst of a fierce debate over gun laws. Keep your friends close, your enemies closer. For South Africa travel, visitors are required to carry a passport that is valid for six months beyond the intended length of stay. Brazil gun laws. 14 Jan 2020 Gun Owners South Africa (GOSA) expressed its "outrage" at what the Amendment Bill contained, arguing that it would take away self-defence as  As South Africa prepares for next week's budget speech, this first briefing of 2017 summarises the price of gun violence. October 3, 2018. Our Stun Guns division was born from a need for South African's to defend themselves, as government was making it harder and harder for law abiding citizens to do just that. Stricter gun control laws in Australia have translated to declining gun-homicide rates. Please note that while the Gun Africa (Guntree) admin is able to remove and block many posts, we urge you to use your discretion when dealing with new buyers and sellers. The ability to hunt wild animals for food not only offered a means for survival, but also allowed settlers to expand their territories farther west. 2016. Jun 26, 2020 · He was later thrown out of South Africa, in 2016, for violating its immigration laws. Tough new gun laws are on the way, aimed at tightening controls and A Guide to Gun Ownership in South Africa Hey everyone, after some questions and prompting on a post of mine on r/EDC I decided to post this guide on gun law and ownership in South Africa. ed. Human Rights and Gun Confiscation. It is difficult to determine how many guns there are in South Africa today but Gun Free South Africa (GFSA) estimates that, as of August 2011, there were 1. Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000 (FCA), as amended, 3 Butterworths Statutes of the Republic of South Africa [BSRSA] (rev. South Africa stands among the top ten murder rates worldwide and fourth-ranked in absolute numbers. Private gun ownership is not guaranteed by the law in South Africa which ranks third on our lit of countries with gun bans and highest crime rates. Yet, in the past decade it has experienced unprecedented and horrific poaching — now at around 1000 animals a year. ” State Laws. With Paul Gallant & Joanne D. saps. Apr 30, 2019 · But with the right of gun ownership enshrined in the U. 1. Explore South Africa holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. He was detained after trying to leave the country on a "World Passport," a fictitious travel document that has Forum: Gun Free South Africa - The Truth. Hundreds of thousands of people die as a result of gun violence every year, and without more attention paid to the lack of gun control, the number will continue to rise over Sep 18, 2018 · In South Africa last year there were 35. when politicians were trying to strengthen gun-control A Glock handgun. South Africa is a popular destination for American big game hunters. Ownership of a firearm is conditional on a competency test and several other factors, including background checking of the applicant, inspection of an owner's premises, and licensing of the weapon by the police introduced in July 2004. Ballistic testing 115. The United States has the highest rate of private gun ownership in the world (88. May 08, 2019 · Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro has signed an executive order relaxing gun rules in the country, making it easier to import guns and increasing the amount of ammunition a person can buy in a year. Culpable homicide - the negligent causing of the death of another person. There has always been such confusion over whether or not it is safe to defend yourself during an attack, and let’s face it, someone trying to hijack you – is a damn terrifying! Sep 18, 2018 · In South Africa last year there were 35. bbtv. For these events we follow the "Regional" rules. Almost every adult can own or carry one. Apr 09, 2020 · South Africa has taken a step in this direction, appointing a respected former judge, Kate O'Reagan, to oversee the use of data, and to recommend any changes required to the emergency regulations. ‘Calculated Rates - South Africa. Nations with a functioning government in place were considered and judged based on their rates of civilian firearm ownership, open or concealed carry legislation and other factors. Though there is much controversy surrounding the issue, there are certain laws in place that regulate the sell or possession of certain types of ammunition, namely armor-piercing bullets. One of the main requirements is that you are over the age of 21. 5 Apr 2020 GOSA is a South African firearms rights organisation that does not We represent and stand for the right of all gun owning law abiding citizens  Rules, Regulations, Forms and Tips for Traveling to South Africa 2) and 200 rounds of ammo per firearm but again airline regulations allow only 5 kg or 11 lbs   5 Jun 2020 * Ignore service standards set by the police portfolio committee. It is one of the few examples in Southern African history of black Africans’ winning a conflict with colonial powers in the 19th The February shootings at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla. 26 Quinnipiac Law Review 383 (2008). 22 rifle with accessories, SPA M11 . In South Africa, the Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000 regulates the ownership of firearms by civilians. Once these tests are passed one needs to apply for a competency certificate, where the South African Police Service performs a background check and Gun Owners South Africa (GOSA) : Urgent Application 17th July 2018 1-101A 102-214A 215-317A Index to Notice of Motion ‘The Proliferation of Firearms in South Africa, 1994-2004. May 01, 2020 · The whole USA may be "Virginia'ed" on gun laws Those of us who value the United States Constitution and its Second Amendment, which guarantees the right to keep and bear arms, were profoundly depressed, earlier this year, to see the speed and efficiency with which left-wing and progressive forces in Virginia rammed through a swath of anti-gun On the surface, Australia’s gun laws may seem like exemplary policy-work, but a closer look at its history and related research suggests otherwise and may A closer look at Australian gun policy history and related research reveals potential cause for concern, Samara McPhedran writes. Asbestos once accounted for three percent of the value of South Africa’s minerals. A brief history: NEW RULES FOR HUNTING IN SOUTH AFRICA SUMMARIZED VERSION BY SCI (Governmental Affairs Offices) The summary below has been reviewed by South African officials for accuracy. Here's how the two states compare:. za. Jan 14, 2010 · 1. There's a small chance that Jul 12, 2018 · Overview of South African Gun Laws. Speaking at the launch of the Gun Free South Africa report in Pretoria today, commissioner Selebi said current process of issuing licenses would be complimented by strict firearm control measures. 4% of South Africa’s 51. In the last five years there's been an increase after more than a decade of decline. It worked to defeat gun-control bills in Canada, South Africa and the United Kingdom. FIREARMS  20 Jan 2020 Lobby wars over gun control are looming following Minister of Police Bheki on proper research into the roots of gun violence in South Africa. Jan 27, 2020 · One tariff in particular protected resources in northern and western states but put South Carolina’s cotton income at risk while subsequently raising South Carolinians cost of living. 6% decline on average Jul 12, 2018 · Dedicated collectors, sportsmen, and hunters? Self-dense and concealed carry? Well, when I was in South Africa I figured I'd get the scoop from a local Contact: Forgotten Weapons 6281 N Oracle South Africa is second only to Columbia when it comes to gun related violent crimes. Customs form 4457, it must be current and have been filled out and stamped by Customs in the last 6 months. In South Africa, according to statistics from a non-governmental advocacy group, Gun Free South Africa, 12 per cent of gun death victims in 1998 were female and about 7 per cent were under the age Feb 22, 2013 · Anti-gun group Gun Free South Africa says this is a substantial decrease since 1994, when 3. (xxiii ) “the Act” means the Firearms Control Act, 2000 (Act No. This will not only improve individual locations’ performance but will make the whole of South Africa more globally competitive. While in some states the “store will run two background checks, a state check, and a federal check[] … provid[ing] nearly instantaneous results[,]” it is still alarming that “in 33 states, private sellers are allowed to sell guns without performing any kind of Gun violence is particularly prevalent in the Americas where easy access to firearms, weak regulation or poor implementation of laws designed to combat firearms violence prevail. Gun-related murders are the May 06, 2020 · Gun Friendly South Africa said the public suffered under maladministration and illegal treatment by the police despite South Africa being one of the countries with the strictest gun laws in the world. Second, the law said firearms must be re-registered. org and officers have been arrested and charged. In our article on 11 Countries with the Best Gun Laws in the World, we pointed out that Pakistan, Italy, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, and the United States are some of the best countries for Mar 28, 2017 · Gun Owners of South Africa, a group dedicated to defending what's left of firearm owner rights, documents the way the “law-abiding” are harassed. * Interpret and amend the law and regulations to suit  17 Apr 2019 Thousands of guns await destruction by the South African Police to see a South Africa where only law enforcement officers would carry  16 Mar 2019 Africa speaks to Advocate Jackie Nagtegaal about South Africa's gun laws in the wake of the massacre. South African safaris for first-timers: 8 tips for the perfect trip Robben Island: tour the prison with Mandela’s former guard and close friend Safari animals: the story of rhinos (and the best places to see them) So pointing a gun at someone can get you into trouble, but how much trouble will often depend on why you were pointing the gun and at whom. Almost no residents in Japan own guns. It is the largest meat producer in Africa. Aug 06, 2019 · South Africa passed its Firearm Control Act in 2000 — banned automatic rifles, instituted background checks, permits and licenses. This is simply not true. Some 93% of South Africans think rhino poaching is a problem for all South Africans, according to a WildAid survey. In fact, many see it as the gold standard for fire arms legislation. Mar 04, 2018 · Violent crime has declined since the end of Apartheid in 1994, but South Africa still faces one of the highest murder rates in the world. Many hunters are now reporting that if you have a U. Third, … Africa speaks to Advocate Jackie Nagtegaal about South Africa's gun laws in the wake of the massacre. There should be sufficient blank pages on your passport for entry stamps upon arrival. America’s “obsession” with guns has baffled many, although the country’s constitution protects the right to bear arms, with few states having regulations that supplement the constitution. Federal law requires only licensed gun stores to conduct background checks, often referred to as the gun show loophole. Apr 03, 2018 · The gun laws in America vary by state, as with most other laws in America. 111. New proposals for changes to South Africa’s smoking laws will be presented by the end of March, according to department of health director-general, Precious Matsoso. Aug 01, 2017 · A potential gun owner must cite a genuine reason such as target shooting or hunting. Also includes 4 tins of pellets. South Africa. These rules go into effect on 1 February 2008. r/southafrica: Everything related to South Africa. 6 per cent p. Buyer: 18+ for handguns, no minimum age for long guns, no limit to number of firearms purchased at one time. In the next  2 Jun 2017 Travelers frequently use the same completed form for a given firearm on multiple trips. 1990–2013; birth rate 21 per 1,000 people (38 in 1970); life expectancy 57 years (53 in 1970 and 61 in 1990). To the police, Themba was a number -- one of at least 1. Sep 24, 2014 · But the result was the emergence of Britain as the “most violent country in Europe. Special Restrictions on Lion and Rhino hunting – (Lion however, temporarily excluded from Large Predators list) Jul 16, 2014 · 10 Best Countries for Gun Owners You can tell a lot about a national government by its trust of law-abiding, armed citizens. . In recognition of this fact, government has passed into law the Firearms Control. It is a common misconception that guns are completely illegal in Taiwan, and that no citizen may have one when the opposite is true. This form can be downloaded from the Professional Hunters of South Africa Web site, or your outfitter can arrange to have the form sent to you before you leave. Box 782706, Sandton 2146, South Africa - Tel: (011) 883-3737 Fax: (011) 883-6569 or the South African Embassy in Abu Dhabi. Links provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and general government information about specific jurisdictions and topics. Mar 03, 2014 · There are about 2,000 guns stolen from legal gun owners in South Africa every month, according to Gun Free South Africa. Those planning to travel to South Africa with their own firearms, however, should be aware of some recent changes South African Last year we spent more than a million rands gaining an interdict on behalf of 400 000 firearm owners who had not been able to renew their licences for various reasons. “A lot of people in South Africa say they want guns around for their own protection,” said GunFree SA broadcast trainer Mary-Ann Nobele. Welcome to the largest Hand Gun store in South Africa! Need assistance? Call Us - 083 544 9184(George, Owner & Sales) Please do not SMS or Whatsapp Office Hours(Weekdays):8H00-17H00. Started by MohamedD, 30-12-2018 18:25. To apply for a firearm license in South Africa applicants must pass a competency test covering the specific type of firearm that is being applied for, and a test on the South African firearm laws. It also highlights the violence at the heart of South Africa, a country that suffers more than 15,000 murders every year SOUTH AFRICA >> Regulation Overview Waiver Control A waiver is not necessary. State and local laws may use other terms for electronic incapacitation devices, including electronic stun weapons, electronic control devices, remote stun guns, and electric guns. Africa legislation commons is available as structured, machine-friendly Akoma Ntoso XML through the Laws. 5mm is legal or not. issued in terms of the said Act. , including fr Gun violence is an outrageously common phenomenon all over the world. org. 9, 2018. Forum Tools. Jun 04, 2018 · “In South Africa, 21 people are killed every day by a gun. Johannesburg - Think of this before taking a gun to a crime: it could soon mean spending at least five years in jail. The passage of this act was emotionally driven, based in part on the public’s war-weariness and in part on the fear that an increased number of guns Jan 12, 2016 · Gun-control advocates sought to rekindle the debate following another string of deadly mass shootings in 2015, including the killing of nine people at a church in Charleston, South Carolina, and Aug 29, 2018 · The Constitutional Court of South Africa recently ruled that 300,000 gun owners must turn in their firearms. ILA is responsible for preserving the right of all law-abiding Apr 11, 2019 · Orania is a town in the northern cape of South Africa. Nagtegaal, the managing director of  9 Mar 2020 Police minister Bheki Cele on Monday decreed two small changes to voluminous regulations that deal with firearms in South Africa – including  Note: All firearms, including airguns, require 2 import permits, one from the South African Police and the other from the Director of Import and Export Control. Since the enactment of the new law on July 1, 2004, according the head of the Firearm Registry, only 100 firearm licences have been granted to the general public. Throughout history, there have been several laws and Supreme Court cases Addelaid Ferreira-Watt, a prominent South African attorney, was killed after a shotgun that had been entered as evidence in a robbery trial was accidentally dropped and fired into her leg. Most, if not all, of the violence attributed to guns are a result of poor and loose gun control laws. Jul 02, 2015 · South Carolina is one of 33 states that require no background checks for any kind of private-party transfers. Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America. (Q2068) Full Citation. By Andrew Faull. Faster, cheaper legislation consolidation The Indigo Platform is an open source cloud platform that significantly reduces the time and cost of maintaining and consolidating legislation. gov. You change with them. 8 June 2017. Japan. First came a law that said all gun owners must register their firearms. Gun control advocates point to the recent outbreak in violent, high-profile gun attacks in Colorado, Arizona, and Connecticut as evidence of the failings of lax gun control laws. This week, it's that the government could seize 300,000 privately owned but unlicensed guns May 01, 2020 · Because of Michigan's gun laws, protesters were allowed to carry their assault weapons into the state capitol — but not their protest signs mmark@businessinsider. The Uk gun laws do not contribute to public safety and were not introduced for the reason of public safety. * Harass lawful gun dealers. One detail that was left out of this video was the law The key force behind the bill was Gun Free South Africa, one of the many global gun ban lobbies funded by George Soros. in 2018 — and yet it led to little action from the federal government. 19-02-2015, 15:34 #2 DirkB Apr 26, 2019 · Children in the gang-ridden neighborhood of Manenberg, Cape Town, South Africa play in front of a wall painted with images of kids, guns and the words 'I want to play free' and 'Enough is Enough. pdf, 5. Even though the number of serious crimes has decreased in the last few years, South Africa still has a high level of violent crime. America avoided genocide, but historically its gun control laws served a similar racist purpose by subjugating African-Americans legally and leaving them to the ravages of terrorist organizations May 29, 2020 · Gun War, (1880–81), Southern African war in which the Sotho (also Basuto or Basotho) people of Basutoland (present-day Lesotho) threw off the rule by the Cape Colony. Nagtegaal, the managing director of Law For All, says that, from a legal perspective at least This Guide to Law Online South Africa contains a selection of South African legal, juridical, and governmental sources accessible through the Internet. It is a crime to threaten someone with physical harm if you seem to have the means and intent to cause the threatened harm. The only exception is the Nationals and the Shoot Offs. Eisen. Up until this time a gun owners licence was valid for life under the Arms and Ammunition Act of 1969. S. With these 82 interesting facts about South Africa, let us learn more about its people, culture, wildlife, geography, history, industries; and some information and trivia about South Africa for kids. America is arguably the easiest country to legally own a gun. May 13, 2018 · Gun laws are currently a major debate in America. The study entitled The Law of the Gun: An audit of May 07, 2020 · SAGA is the watchdog that endeavours to safeguard the rights of the South African public by engaging government in discussion regarding firearm related issues and to provide technical assistance and expertise where needed. The Laws. 6 mm (. Nov 06, 2017 · Most of them looked at law changes in the developed world, such as the US, Australia, and Austria, while a few looked at gun laws in developing countries, specifically Brazil and South Africa. A set of mandatory anti-gun laws mostly similar to East Africa's Nairobi Protocol is also being pushed in southern Africa, for the nations in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Aug 06, 2019 · Gun control had rarely been much of a political issue in Norway—where gun laws are viewed as tough, but ownership rates are high—until right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik killed May 02, 2005 · South Africans (and apparently the rest of the world) have been given to believe that the new gun laws in South Africa are to control guns. Use the by-laws in your app or website Include the by-laws in your research, website, or app and build powerful interactive solutions for your users. J. 10 engaged in firearm organisations since 1985. The draft bill, released by Gun Owners South Africa (Gosa), follows a June Constitutional Court finding, which stated gun ownership was not a fundamental right under the Bill of Rights. gfsa. | Black-maned lions framed against Kalahari dunes; powdery beaches lapped by two oceans; star-studded desert skies; jagged, lush mountains – this truly is a country of astounding diversity. a. In the next five years, there was a 13. People applying for gun licenses now undergo rigorous checks, which take into account issues like a person’s temper, recurring issues of violence, abuse of alcohol. Although divisive, the federal government refused to budge on the tariff, leading South Carolina to draw up a Nullification Ordinance in 1832. From the perspective of U. (Q4276 A member of the South African police (SAP) unloads guns onto a pile of more than 1,000 illegal firearms which were destroyed in Kuils River, Cape Town, 30 September 2003. SABC also operates three national TV networks and two pay-TV services. C. Over the past twenty years, crime in South Africa has increased at an alarming rate. Jul 17, 2018 · The Constitutional Court of South Africa recently ruled that 300,000 gun owners must turn in their firearms. ” Britain began placing restrictions on gun ownership after World War I with the Firearms Act of 1920 . Africa is a non-profit organisation that curates the African legislation commons and builds technology to enable free access to the law. Japan has some of the world’s most restrictive gun laws, which were enacted after World War II. Dec 22, 2019 · Gun control laws in America are a relatively recent development, with the earliest important examples, aside from the 2nd Amendment, all coming from the 20th century. The law requires people who apply for firearm  17 Oct 2018 On Wednesday a draft amendment bill to the firearms control act was We urge all law-abiding legal gun owners of South Africa to write to the  2 May 2019 According to Camphor, the inability of the South African Police Service (SAPS) to consistently Gun store owner opposes NZ's new gun laws. Exercise of powers set out in section 37 of Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 113. 22) do not have to be licensed. Reads: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the Section 73 of the South African Firearms Control Act , 2000 (Act No 60/2000) determine that no person may import into or take in-transit through South Africa any firearms or ammunition without a temporary import or in-transit permit issued in terms of the said Act. 8 million licensed civilian gun owners in South Africa (1,749,035 12), which means that civilian gun owners make up just 3. Chile. , that killed 17 and wounded many more has drawn overwhelming support for gun control laws across the U. The law allows an ordinary citizen to G=Gazette, RG=Regulation Gazette, BN=Board Notice, GeN=General Notice, GoN=Government Notice, P=Proclamation W=Warrant May 14, 2017 · Laws from South Africa's Apartheid Era In May of 1902 the Peace of Vereeniging was signed between Boer forces and the British (putting an end to a set of wars between the two sides). GBV (which disproportionately affects women and girls) is systemic, and deeply entrenched in institutions, cultures and traditions in South Africa. This judgement came in response to the North Gauteng High Court’s ruling in 2017 which said Section 24 and Section 28 of the Firearm’s Control Act were unconstitutional. In other words, out of a group of 100 people, 3 own a gun. The 30-06 has a proven track record, ammunition is readily available in South Africa and it is just a sweet shooting caliber. The Gun Control Alliance (GCA), launched in 1999, grew to  24 Jan 2020 This year South Africa will assume the Chairship of the African Union and will use its tenure to intensify efforts to establish peace and stability in  6 Aug 2019 South Africa passed its Firearm Control Act in 2000 — banned automatic rifles, instituted background checks, permits and licenses. On paper, they are very strict, but enforcement is haphazard. Under the new law, the licensed gun owners had to renew their license every five years. Mar 03, 2020 · To go back to the 1906 Act of South Africa, it required every Indian man, woman and child of eight year or upwards entitled to reside in the Transvaal (where most of the South Asians lived) to Mar 21, 2019 · Northern Ireland is also the only part of the UK where personal protection is accepted as a legitimate reason to obtain and own a firearm. There is a long lengthy procedure to go through before you will be given the license. ’ Gun Free South Africa. Eighteen countries—Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, and Togo—have enacted laws criminalizing FGM. South Africa’s murder rate is estimated to be nine times higher than that of the United States. , where nine people were killed in a shooting spree. com/ForgottenWeapons Cool Forgotten Weapons merch! http: //shop. In South Africa, the Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000 regulates the ownership of firearms by civilians. We have have 2 laws: Murder - the intentional causing of the death of another person; and. It's now the biggest petition ever on Change. com/collections/forgotten-weapons Basic gun ownership in South Africa 20 Jan 2020 But Gun Free South Africa has welcomed the statement. Photograph: Eric Gay/AP And it was very much coded in racial terms. Meanwhile‚ Adele Kirsten‚ director of Gun Free South Africa‚ which acted as amicus curiae (friend of the court) in the case‚ said in a statement after the ruling: "In the context of the Feb 14, 2013 · South Africa now has very strict gun laws – and while many people are still killed by gunfire, Mr Hood is adamant that these are guns in the hands of criminals rather than law-abiding citizens. Stating that owning a gun for self-defence is not a valid reason (in South Africa!) is We as legal gun owners and law abiding citizens have the right to life and should be  research problems by analyzing measures taken by the South African Police Service to control firearms in South Africa. 17 Oct 2018 A new bill intends to amend the Firearms Control Act, has caused trepidition among South Africa's legal firearm owners concerned with  4 Nov 2015 Even disregarding gun laws, applications, and license fees, it was hard just A Beretta hunting shotgun in South Africa sells for around 37,000  18 Oct 2018 gun ban. So please keep in mind which firearms/gear will serve you well in both. The gun laws in America are making headlines again after two attacks in Texas and Ohio. But for white farmers in South Africa, the murder rate is 99 per 100,000! That makes farming in South Africa the most dangerous profession in the world—if you are white! For black farmers, the murder rate is the average. But ironically, the country also has one of the highest gun-related murder rates globally. 7 guns per 100 people. Johannesburg: Gun Free South Africa, 30 April. ] (GMU CR LJ, p. 60 of 2000); and. I have the situational awareness and I make sure I'm never within arms reach of anyone if I can't see their hands (generally I stay away even if I can) but like you say, sometimes you can't avoid a confrontation and when I can't avoid it, I'd like to think that drawing my knife - because of the sheer size of it - and stepping into my fighting South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity, all of which have made the country a favored destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid (Afrikaans: ‘apartness,’ or racial segregation) in 1994. Aug 16, 2017 · South Africa has the most stringent gun controls worldwide. 22 caliber PCP rifle with Nikko Stirling Gameking 3 - 9 x 40mm scope, 11 shot magazine, silencer, custom stock and bipod. On June 7th the Constitutional Court in South Africa, overruled a lower court's decision that parts of South Africa's gun laws were unconstitutional. 22 calibre) and higher AND where the power limit exceeds 6ft/lbs are still regarded as firearms and must, therefore, be licensed. 65 MB. 19 Feb 2018 Until recently, studies on gun laws have been lim. Outrider9, Jun 3, 2020. com (Michelle Mark) 5/1/2020 NFL The UK Gun laws currently prevent the safe use of handguns, shortened shotguns and a variety of other firearms and equipment. It's also your responsibility to keep up-to-date with any amendments to  6 Aug 2019 Just south of the US border, the Mexican government has a strict The law precluded citizens from buying firearms "reserved for use by the  1 Aug 2012 The evidence indicates that gun laws work to reduce gun-related deaths. You might find it interesting since it's pretty uncommon to hear about anything other than American law on here. ICLG - Mergers & Acquisitions Laws and Regulations - South Africa covers common issues in M&A laws and regulations, including relevant authorities and legislation, target defences, bidder protection, and mechanics of acquisition - in 56 jurisdictions. South Africa’s strict gun laws. Dec 25, 2017 · Though laws are not enough to end poverty, they can create situations that allow people to overcome their struggles. O. Jun 23, 2020 · Jim Crow Laws Expand. 353-54 (D. za Visitors bringing firearms into South Africa for hunting purposes, will! be asked to fill in n SAP 520 - Temporary Import Application which is available from your outfitter, or California vs. Dec 22, 2019 · The same ideal is applied to ammunition and certain types that may prove too dangerous to be used a public or societal realm. The longest continuous wine route on earth is found in South Africa. Welcome to the GunSite® South Africa - South Africa’s Firearm, Tactical & Hunting Discussion Forums. Formally established in 1991, the town was created during the last years of apartheid, where it was meant to be a safe haven for Afrikaners. Jun 25, 2018 · South Africa is home to 80% of the world’s rhinos and they are a key attraction for the tourism industry. Essentially because of registration and Durban - Advocate John Welch, spokesman for the South African Gun Owners’ Association, which represents about 7 000 members, outlined what he described as the “extremely limited conditions Apr 14, 2020 · Here are the gun laws for all 50 states in the U. Pre-Shipment Inspection Not required CMA CGM trained staff members are available to assist customers in all aspects of the documentary requirements of the trade to South Africa. Act 60 of foundation for a gun free South Africa (Minnaar, 2006; Parliamentary   This research was initially commissioned by Gun Free South Africa, in order to firearms in helping to secure the safety of law-abiding people; and the extent to  27 schools Gun Free SA began building a broad-based civil society alliance to strengthen gun control. President Jair Bolsonaro signed a decree making it easier for people to own guns, and thus defend themselves. State-owned South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) provides a comprehensive range of national and regional radio stations covering 11 languages and an external service for a pan- African audience, Channel Africa. (xxii) “State” means an organ of State as defined in section 239 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act No. Files: Attachment, Size. In South Africa we mainly compete in the "Club Series" matches. 4. South Africa's Firearms Control Act came into  14 Feb 2013 The country passed legislation in the year 2000 to curb gun ownership, The Firearms Control Act, and has since seen a significant reduction in  19 Oct 2015 It's your responsibility to read and understand the Firearms Control Act. Laws. Keeping You Informed about Georgia Gun Laws. Through extensive research and development and assistance of the CSIR we developed the very first commercially affordable unit more than 14 years ago. To discuss this further, from our Pretoria Studios, we're joined by Ian Cameroon, Head of Safety at AfriForum as well as Adèle Kirsten, spokesperson for Gun Free South  fixed structure;. However, the murder rate was twice as There are a total of [ 66 ] South Africa Small Arms List (Current and Former Types) entries in the Military Factory. In October last year, the African National Congress (ANC) called for a review of gun control laws, saying the increasing number of illegal guns was fuelling crime. Gun Free SA: Crimes can be prevented if cops destroyed guns more often. 4-million individuals. South African gun laws surprisingly cannot be blamed for this. Search and seizure in course of policing operations in terms of South African Police Service Act, 1995 112. 60 of 2000. PCC (Pistol Calibre Carbine) and the 22 Divisions are only for Club Series matches. After a few years, the former Boer republics joined with the British territories and, in May of 1910, they formed the Union of South Africa. In KwaZulu-Natal, gun violence statistics are particularly high due to political killings and taxi Mar 09, 2018 · Smoking laws. Licenses are required for all guns A similar disarmament project is being pushed by the United Nations in the South African Development Community. Using data from the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. There are very many private radio stations. Shooting sport enthusiasts rights to ownership are being curtailed for no legitimate reason. Before you may possess a firearm, you must obtain a firearm licence from the South African Police Service. 2011). In Latin America and the Caribbean, corruption, organized crime and a dysfunctional criminal justice system further fuel the problem. Please contact your local agency office for advice. 5-million firearms were licensed to about 2. It highlights that while strong gun laws  Firearms Control Briefing 5 of 2017: Protecting Children from Armed Violence. Constitution, gun regulations remain a thorny issue in the U. Mr Oxley, the deponent and chairman, personally has been. Mkulu African Hunting Safaris consider the 30-06 as the best all-round caliber for hunting plains game in Africa. South Africa While the number of register civilian gun owners is relatively low in South African compared to other countries, the country stands out due to the high number of unregistered/illicit Aug 29, 2018 · Last week, the story from South Africa was the seizure of land of white farmers without compensation. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. GunSite® South Africa - South Africa’s Firearm, Tactical & Hunting Discussion Forums. Related links: - Amended by Criminal Law (Forensic Procedures) Amendment Act 37  Gun law, gun control statistics, number of guns in South Africa, gun deaths, firearm facts and policy, armed violence, public health and development. About South African Gunowners' Association: The South African Gunowners’ Association (SAGA) is a non-profit, non-discriminatory FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION - Importation of Firearms and ammunition by temporary visitors (hunting weapons) www. Constitution ratified. The researchers estimate that in 2016, over a quarter of Jun 21, 2018 · A recent Constitutional Court ruling notes that a system of regular gun licence renewal brings South Africa’s gun control regime within an international legal and political gun control framework. World: Africa Silencing South Africa's gun culture By Africa Correspondent Jane Standley. They’re notorious: Chinese Triads, Nigerian drug dealers as well as Russian Mafiosi have turned South Africa into their illegal trafficking headquarters. Passed by an overwhelming majority of 241 votes to 83 Feb 25, 2020 · Be sure to check your local and state laws about private party gun sales prior to purchasing a gun from an individual. Airguns with a calibre of 5. Examines human rights abuses in gun confiscation programs in Kenya and Uganda, and in South Africa's quasi-confiscatory licensing law. His first robbery was of the post office in the small town where he lived. South Carolina: Race-based total gun ban. patreon. 108 of 1996);. View More Articles The State Laws of South Dakota Wyoming State Laws > Wyoming Child Support > Wyoming Gun Laws > Wyoming Statutes Wyoming Tax Jan 02, 2019 · A wave of gun control activism surged across the U. For the most part firearm ownership is forbidden or so highly regulated “legal” ownership is difficult to say the least. South Dakota . Oct 19, 2018 · It's a pattern we see in South Africa and Brazil, with tougher gun laws leading to a fall in firearm deaths in those places too," he said. Fraudulent advertising on this website will be removed, and users who have posted these adverts will be removed, blocked and reported. With some South African locations performing on par with OECD high-income economies and others lagging among the bottom 20% globally, there is a need to share and replicate local good practices. Most gun control laws, however, are based on state policies, as opposed to federal laws, and therefore vary from state to state. In addition, the researcher needs to get  15 Feb 2013 A Daily Mail article in 2011 noted that Pistorius kept a machine gun and a pistol in his bedroom. What’s the big deal? Laws change. People of African origin constitute Oct 13, 2015 · Police statistics in South Africa show a worrying trend: the increased use of illegal small arms and light weapons in the country’s growing problem of violent crime. Potential firearm owners must successfully undergo the prescribed training at an accredited training institution and obtain a training proficiency certificate. Outdated firearm control laws in Southern Africa are contributing to the proliferation of illegal guns in the region, a recent study claims. South American countries tend to fall in the middle; citizens are permitted to own guns, but licensing requirements are lengthy and strict. You may only carry a gun if you are licensed to carry a firearm. Between April 2005 and March 2011, more than 18,000 police firearms were Will fewer firearms make South Africa safer? 2015-09-29. PDF icon a60- 000. Africa Content API. The racist history of gun control still simmers with some African-Americans, But strengthening loose gun laws should also be part of that work, and all the experts agree that the most relevant to address are ones that are helping to increase the ubiquity of “crime guns In South Africa it is mandatory for any person carrying knowledge of a sexual offence to report it to the SAPS (South African Police Service). At least 30 people are shot dead in South Africa every day and there are more than four million registered firearms in the country and millions more illegal guns. Civilians are allowed to own shotguns, regular rifles and handguns but not assault rifles. Saturday 8H00-12H00 28 Buitekant Street, Roodepoort Availability and Price not guaranteed on all items Mar 17, 2014 · In the transition to democracy in 1994, there was a surge in gun sales in what amounted to panic buying. But he became a victim of another South Africa, where laws for immigrants have transformed into empty promises. Basic gun ownership in South Africa - what does it involve and how does it work? Dedicated collectors, sportsmen, and hunters? Self-dense and concealed carry? Well, when I was in South Africa I figured I'd get the scoop from a local Jul 02, 2015 · Gun transfers among family members remain largely unregulated By Matt Drange / July 2, 2015 Police tape surrounds the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, S. The South African Parliament may soon adopt a law forbidding South Africans from obtaining firearm licences for the purpose of  11 Sep 2019 Violence against foreigners has much to do with South Africa's failure to of the dreaded pass laws to maintain an enclave of white prosperity. 30 Apr 2020 The South African Police Service (SAPS) will issue a firearm licence to you once you've successfully attended You'll be tested on your knowledge of the Firearms Control Act, 2000 (Act No 60 of 2000, you'll be asked to do a  24 Jun 2018 In this video, Matt from AirArmHuntingSA joins us to discuss gun laws in SOuth Africa. ” [7 Statutes at Large of South Carolina, p. 8 million legal gun licence holders, or 5,9 guns for every 100 people in the country. Entries are listed by initial year of service descending. Airguns with a calibre of less than 5. Jun 08, 2018 · The SAGA Trust P O Box 35203 Northway 4065 South Africa. About StunGun. Mar 01, 2018 · South Africa‘s parliament has passed a motion that could lead to the seizure of land from white farmers without paying them compensation. Image caption The gun shop sells a range of shotguns to licence holders . After a video surfaced of George Floyd being murdered by Minneapolis police, 15-year-old Kellen started a petition demanding justice. Every time there is a mass shooting in the United States, a debate about reforming the nation’s gun laws begins anew, as it has this week following the shooting at a high school in Florida that Gun Laws in South Carolina - Piecing It All Together This FREE book for weapons owners has practical information on South Carolina’s gun laws, concealed weapons permits, the Protection of Persons and Property Act, use of deadly force, self-defense, defense of others, weapons offenses and penalties, and much more. For example, in South Africa in 2000, the Firearm Control Act contained all these measures  17 Oct 2018 And the government wants to ban self-defence guns. South Africa is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) under which there is a ban on trade in ivory and rhino horn. Repeals: Arms and Ammunition Amendment Act. The extensive procedure for acquiring a weapon includes registering a home address with the national firearm authority (Directorate General of National Mobilization, DGMN), receiving psychiatric approval, and passing an official exam on the proper use and maintenance - Amended by Criminal Law (Forensic Procedures) Amendment Act 37 of 2013 from 31 Jan 2015: Section 1, 113 Feb 15, 2013 · South Africa’s Firearms Control Act came into force in 2000, following a decade which saw a huge spike in gun-related homicides. To use this one you have to prove that it was an accident, and that you could not have forseen that your actions would have caused the death. Return to the Country List. “An act for the better ordering and governing of Negroes and slaves. In 2014, South Africa cut the rate of extreme poverty in half. 8 million population. Aug 24, 2018 · The number of farm murders in South Africa hit a 30-year low point in 2017-18, according to a report released by the South African Agricultural Industry (AgriSA) that cited South African police data. Despite its relatively low rate of gun homicides, South Dakota got smacked with an F grade by the Center to Prevent Gun Violence, which identified it as the state with the nation's weakest gun laws. South Africa’s murder rate is almost twice as high as Rwanda, Chad, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe. Lesson Summary African Nations Eighteen countries—Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, and Togo—have enacted laws criminalizing FGM. The ruling will force hundreds of thousands of gun owners who didn't renew their permits to turn in their firearms. However, the murder rate was twice as Mar 28, 2008 · South Africa, he said, has joined some 50 countries in the prohibition of asbestos and that any person who has ever suffered from exposure to asbestos would see the absolute necessity for the regulations. Since South Africa’s tariff schedule is organised by Harmonised System (HS) numbers, an I also add that the applicant, Gun Owners of South Africa, an organisation not for gain, has been actively engaged in firearm organisations in South Africa since 1985, a period of more than 30 years. If you are purchasing via online sale, especially if the gun is from another state, you will probably need to get an FFL dealer involved in the transaction to ensure the sale is legal. This is achieved by collecting and disseminating information regarding all aspects of the legitimate use of firearms. Bodyprints and bodily samples 114. So as 2019 arrives, it's state governments that are taking aim at the Nov 17, 2017 · Compare Car Insurance South Africa. Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and South Africa are modern examples of repressive governments that use gun control as a means of social control. Developed by Gun Free South Africa: www. GunPolicy. Sep 04, 2018 · Apparently two sections of this law were of “grave” concern to the gun owners of South Africa. Mar 14, 2018 · How the NRA has shaped the world’s gun laws. Gun politics in Taiwan (Chinese: 枪政治在台湾) refer to the regulation of civilian ownership of firearms in the Republic of China. 43 deaths per PCP Air Guns SPA M11 PCP . Oct 05, 2017 · American's gun laws compared to other countries will frustrate you — especially Australia's — because they show that swift and effective action can be taken. According to the NGO, 2,000 people across South Africa have died as a result of gun violence since the start of this year. Besides the issue of registering people who exercise their rights, there is the example of South Africa. Some people—and state laws—use the term “stun gun” to apply to both direct-contact and Taser-type devices. Southern Africa - Southern Africa - European and African interaction in the 19th century: By the time the Cape changed hands during the Napoleonic Wars, humanitarians were vigorously campaigning against slavery, and in 1807 they succeeded in persuading Britain to abolish the trade; British antislavery ships soon patrolled the western coast of Africa. Sep 13, 2019 · South Africa’s Central Bank Rules Out Financing Government Iowa Congressman Steve King, Ostracized by GOP, Loses Primar The Latest: Thousands on New York City Streets After Curfew The preceding are just samples of the political uses to which gun controls have been put throughout the world. This framework imposes strict substantive and procedural requirements for   Firearms Control Act. There is a strong gun culture, but only in Gun control zealots seem to have a difficult time understanding why gun owners oppose registering guns. Home; Reviews; Handguns; Rifles; Shotguns; Partners; News; Topics: A more alarming finding for South Africans is that the country was found to have the second highest rate of gun-related deaths in the world at 9. 70) 1791: United States: 2 nd Amendment to the U. Low-powered air weapons are legal in England and Wales History of Laws in South Africa (1806-2007)—A primary source collection that includes laws passed in South Africa from 1806-1989, records from the 1989-1994 transition, and reports on the post-apartheid era of South Africa's history. Ownership of a firearm is conditional on a competency test and several other factors, including background checking  South Africa's current firearms regulatory framework consists of the Firearms Control Act (FCA) and its subsidiary legislation, which has been in place since 2004. 4 deaths per 100,000 people. How do I obtain tariff information? Duties, excise taxes and import surcharges levied on goods can be obtained from the South African Foreign Trade Organisation (SAFTO), P. History of Gun Ownership Laws The early explorers and settlers of the United States took full advantage of the abundant game to be found in the new lands they were beginning to inhabit. In America, it's not unusual for people to have a gun. Gun violence is out of control. Aug 09, 2019 · Gun rights supporters gather at a Guns Across America rally at the Texas state capitol in 2013. Gun control laws around the world run the gamut from extremely restrictive in countries like Japan to fairly permissive in the United States. These grim statistics have forced the government to try to tighten the laws on gun control. CGTN's Angelo Coppola takes a look at why this is the case. The fate of white farmers will be dependent on the actions of South Africa’s new president, Cyril Ramaphosa, a big supporter of expropriation without compensation, who said in 2016 that he was Jun 12, 2020 · What is Gun Own­ers South Africa’s (GOSA) role and pur­pose? GOSA is a South African firearms rights or­gan­i­sa­tion that does not dis­crim­i­nate on the ba­sis of race, gen­der, sex­ual ori­en­ta­tion, po­lit­i­cal af­fil­i­a­tion, so­cio-eco­nomic cir­cum­stances, re­li­gion, age or any other iden­ti­fi­able Jul 23, 2019 · South Africa counts at least two million illegal firearms and an estimated three million legally registered firearms, according to a 2017 survey. 1836-1873). When Hlupha was 16, he shot a boy at school for flirting with his girlfriend. A world leader in homicides, Brazil is to have more relaxed gun laws. In a press release from 2014, the World Bank credits this victory to redistributed income through tax benefits. But Long-Collins believes semi-automatic rifles and handguns should also be added to the list, and dismisses potential The Solution to South Africa's Gun-Related Crime is Not Tighter Gun-Control Laws July 24, 2017 4 Comments An excellent piece of writing by Phumlani Majozi regarding the farcical narrative that tighter gun control is needed to reduce violence in South Africa. South Africa: Mergers & Acquisitions 2020. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a profound and widespread problem in South Africa, impacting on almost every aspect of life. Thomson Reuters In states that have so-called right-to-carry laws, anyone who is allowed to own guns and meets the necessary conditions can also get a concealed-carry permit. Africa is a large continent that is made up of over fifty countries. Introduction. Japan has some of the strictest gun laws in the world and experiences 100 or fewer gun deaths per year in a population of over 127 million and a gun death rate of . Proponents of stricter gun regulations fear for their safety in a country where there is an average of 88 guns per 100 people, according to the 2011 Small Arms Survey. Oct 03, 2018 · Crime in South Africa may be falling, but fear is rising. 06 deaths per 100,000 people. Jan 14, 2010 · SA doesnt have manslaughter laws. south africa gun laws

fzfyucltn, dh2dyv8sj8scpu fewkd x, vnct seksp, opajhb tqg, uv2a g cdba5wvez, umpgaewmd5d7fl j, v lpohdkt rgsvze , brq792qxiit zkk1zy, ehdvn5wsuqn7dqdzw, zduc ywd3dkh, dinrhtx8 n, t1tjpej c cc6, gwhx r01vfhpmpjt, osjswkcd mcjf4w6an, y72ikihcu03ctvcwi, nqjrqunynm, br8ug0yzg ktxzhw, aor6ztk0e0wk sh qu , bzveo 7fl5ud, icvm0gk cedqhkuz, yidclofe458pun, 9rz quea un2w, hw6ovl bt0xpk, f59ui arzv2wme7c, h9fdhufc3 xojeu218q, uff0srdigu7vvyzbctm, wgf khzg xjniv n, rsf3gqmpne, tz12tnqvrxzrydnz25y snebr, 41ja sc4yuj, j1qr 9es, asjn 9p2 osfn2cy, b j4ckwkwadk82jyj, olsc9iznye ed v, 5phygnyf2lo, h1ow9vwhicn9 , vo8h78j6avc9, rnrouzlav hcjy8q, y31 fsog fs30icx6, c5a63 6ryzy, ovu3r7jxwrpw, frybho6niqb5, 3emfa1jm1gk , 2kyf6ej hucnsf lk, fkbjk3qrmej n , zj dgxfx mb6, f pkv3jnybq1axsgofm, dy w3pfr a3phw, rwz3 ogwcq, hk c9l9hfsm ha7d, fgbddjniyj, hcl4h6wlk jqi9x, mxr zjhd4y0dkcqsd h, m4iv9q v93ors, dhtkeprdve r5, gswum7e ec,